Plumbing fittings chart

What are the types of pipe fittings?

Tee, Wye, Cross and Elbow Fittings. Tee & Wye Fittings – Tees and wyes are used to connect three pieces of pipe. Coupling, Adapter, Bushing and Union Fittings. Trap and Flange Fittings. Cap, Plug and Nipple Fittings.

What are the different kinds of fittings?

Different Fitting Types Adapters. Brass Flare x MIPS Adapter. Adapters are used to extend runs, or to simply change the connection type at the end of a pipe. Caps & Plugs. PVC Cap. Couplings . Chrome Coupler. Elbows. Copper 90° Elbow. Flanges. Black Iron Floor Flange. Nipples. Chrome Pipe Nipple. Tees. Brass IPS Tee. Unions. CPVC Union.

How do you determine your fitting size?

Measure the Outside Diameter (OD) of your pipe or pipe fitting : Wrap a string around the pipe. Mark the point where the string touches together. Use a ruler or measuring tape to find the length between the tip of the string and the mark you made (circumference) Divide the circumference by 3.14159.

What is a coupling in plumbing?

A coupling (or coupler) (used in piping or plumbing ) is a very short length of pipe or tube, with a socket at one or both ends that allows two pipes or tubes to be joined, welded (steel), brazed or soldered (copper, brass etc.)

What is 1.5d bend?

The D represents the outside diameter of the pipe, measured in inches. For instance, a 1.5D bend would feature a curve 1.5 times larger than the diameter of the pipe to be bent , so if you needed to bend a pipe 2 inches in diameter with a 1.5D bend , you would end up with a bend of 3 inches in radius.

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Can two fittings be welded together?

Any butt- weld fitting or weld -neck flange can be directly welded to any other butt- weld fitting or weld neck flange without the need for any extra piece of pipe (Pup piece) between them. The only fittings that cannot be connected directly to each other are screwed or socket- welded elbow and Tee fittings .

What are the different sizes of plumbing pipes?

In most cases, the main pipeline from the street to your home is either 3/4 or 1 inch in diameter , supply branches use 3/4-inch- diameter pipe , and pipes for individual components are 1/2 inch.

Is a valve considered a fitting?

Valves are technically fittings , but are usually discussed as a separate category. This is called a check valve , as it prevents or “checks” the flow in one direction. Modern control valves may regulate pressure or flow downstream and operate on sophisticated automation systems.

Is a flange considered a fitting?

Pipe Flanges are widely used as a popular category of pipe fittings . A flange is used to mechanically connect two pipes together. Thus, flanges are considered to be projecting or internal components which are used to support mechanical parts.

What are plumbing components?

Learning Basic Plumbing Components Water Meters. Water meters are a tracking element in the home that will give you an overall read of your system’s general health, including water levels and any contamination. Water Pressure Regulators. Water Main Valve. Cut-Off Valves. Gas, Electric and Hot Water Valves.

What is a female pipe coupling?

A Pipe Coupling , used in piping or plumbing, is a very short length of pipe or tube with either socket or female pipe threads at one or both ends that allows two pipes or tubes of equal or different sizes to be joined together. It’s also used to repair a broken or leaking pipe .

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What is straight coupling?

Straight coupler to connect two pipes together, end to end. This slip-on pipe fitting is designed for use with standard 1-1/2″ pipe (aluminum or steel).