Staircase carpentry

What are parts of a staircase called?

Staircase Basics The riser is the vertical surface of the stair . The tread on the other hand is the horizontal surface of the stair and the part of the stair you step on. Nosing is the portion of the tread that overhangs the front of the riser. Often a stair builder will talk about the rise and run of the stair .

What is a stair?

A stairway , staircase , stairwell , flight of stairs , or simply stairs , is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. Stairs may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles.

Which parts of a staircase is hardwood sometimes used for?

It is normally part of the tread; however sometimes it’s thin strips of wood, which are placed on the edge of each step to help make the edge of each stair more visible and less slippery.

What do you call a curved staircase?

Helical staircases are sometimes referred to as curved staircases as they lead you upstairs in a flowing arc. Helical or curved stairs are ideal for commercial properties such as retail, showrooms and other public spaces, but, they also look glamorous in an office or residential location.

What does staircase mean?

1 : the structure containing a stairway . 2 : a flight of stairs with the supporting framework, casing, and balusters.

Which type of stairs is best?

The 24 Types of Staircases That You Need to Know Straight Stairs . View in gallery A straight staircase is the most common style and is most affordable to build. U-shaped Stairs. View in gallery U-shaped stairs have a 180-degree turn. Spiral Stairs . Circular Stairs . Curved Stairs . Ladder Stairs. Space-Saving Staircase. Floating Staircase.

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Do I need a landing for my stairs?

Every stairway is required to have a landing with a length equal to the width of the stair , but landing lengths over 48 inches are not required. Stairs with a total vertical rise of more than 12 feet must have a landing between the top and bottom landings .

How many stairs do I need?

Divide the rise by 6 or 7 inches (15 or 18 cm) to find the total number of stairs . For larger stairs , divide by 6 and for smaller stairs , divide by 7. The total you get is how many stairs your future staircase will have so you can plan accordingly.

Are hardwood stairs worth it?

It simply isn’t worth it . And, with the amount of traffic a stair gets, bare hardwood stairs will wear and look bad quickly, anyway. If your stair is in the main part of your home, do the tread in hardwood or engineered flooring to match the rest of your house, and add a carpet runner down the middle.

Is pine or oak better for stairs?

Oak’s fine texture make it ideal for treads that will be stained and left uncarpeted or for those that will be covered with a carpet runner down the center, such as the main staircase in a home with matching hardwood floors. Because it is more porous than oak , pine is the preferred wood for stairs that will be painted.

What wood is best for stair treads?

7 AMAZING SPECIES OF WOOD THAT MAKES EXCELLENT STAIRCASE PROJECTS Red Oak . The most common species for wood stair parts in the U.S. is red oak , due to being plentiful and its forgiving nature. White Oak . Ash. African Mahogany. Cypress. American Cherry. Brazilian Cherry.

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What are the types of stairs?

8 Different Types of Stairs , Explained Straight. This one is straightforward (literally). L-shaped (a.k.a. quarter-turn) The classic straight style, zhuzhed up a little. Winder. The slightly more complicated sister to the L-shaped staircase . U-shaped (a.k.a. half-turn) Spiral. Curved. Bifurcated. Ladder.

What is the formula for building stairs?

The vertical distance between the floors to be linked by the staircase is the principal determinant of the riser and tread dimensions. You divide the height by 7 inches; if, say, the floor-to-floor distance is 8 feet, 10 inches (or 106 inches), then you’ll need 15 treads (106 divided by 7 equals 15.14).

How long does it take to build a staircase?

Stair installation alone would take two carpenters about 8 hours; moving a staircase could take 12 or more hours. This would cost $720 to $2,040. Moving the stairs is an involved process but one that opens living space and transforms your home.